Modern Optics - Key Developments in the U.S.
(A) 1882 – A.A. Michelson describes the Michelson
Interferometer – Professor of Physics, University of Chicago
(B) 1887 – Michelson – Morley Experiment – Investigation of whether the direction of light impacts its speed. Edward W. Morley, Professor of Chemistry, now Case-Western University
(C) 1926 – A.A. Michelson performs series of experiments to determine speed
of light by using rotating mirror method, Mount Wilson Observatory, Pasadena California
(D) 1954 – C.H.
Townes, J.P. Gordon and H.J. Zieger describe a Mazer, utilizing the microwave spectrum, built at Columbia University, New York, New York
(E) 1958 – Arthur
L. Schawlow, Stanford University, and C.H. Townes, University of California at Berkley, introduce the notion that the maser principle can be extended to the visible spectrum (i.e., the laser).
(F) 1960 – First
laser, using a rod of synthetic ruby, is built at Hughes Research Laboratories in Malibu, California
(G) 1961 – First
gas laser built at Bell Laboratories in Murray Hill, New Jersey
(H) 1963 – First Carbon Dioxide laser built at Bell Laboratories
(I) 1964 – First ion lasers built at Hughes Research Laboratories
(J) 1978 – Tower Optical
Corporation founded. Corporate headquarters located in Boynton Beach, Florida.
(K) 1985 – D. L. Matthews reviews x-ray laser experiments at the Lawrence
Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California
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